KE 1515 (Late Roman North African Lamp) [permalink] [next] [show more links]
Type
Inventoried Object
Logical part of
Chicago/Indiana/Vanderbilt Excavations Inventoried Objects
Subject number
L 409
Typological identification
African Red Slip Lamp Hayes Type II
Typological identification comment
Retouched copy: Athenian?
Bibliography
Kenchreai V, p. 82, no. 426, pls. 19, 24 (H. Williams).
Comparanda
Cf. Museo Sacro Vaticano 1308; Delattre 1899, pp. 39-40, pl. IX:5 (Musée Lavigerie de St.-Louis, Carthage; from area); Bernabò Brea 1947, pp. 56, 59, fig. 2, pl. (Museo di Siracusa; from area); Gentili 1953-1954, pp. 85-88, figs. 1, 4, pl. II (Piazza Armerina, Sicily); Delattre 1892, pp. 95, 135, no. 682=DACL VIII.1 (1927), s.v. Lampes, coll. 1171-1172, no. 1085, fig. 6681:4 (H. Leclerq)=Ennabli 1976, p. 52, no. 75, pl. III (Bardo; from Carthage); Lyon-Caen and Hoff 1986, pp. 102-103, no. 50 (Louvre; from North Africa?); Bussière 2007, pp. 105-106, nos. C 355, C 356, pl. 23 (Musée de Timgad; from area).
Description
Elongated tear-shaped in keyhole format. Mostly circular, flat discus has design in low relief, two filling holes center left and right, and sharply raised rim. Design depicts scene of Ascension: 1) central discus: Jesus Christ standing frontal in densely folded long tunic, bearded face and halo around head, right hand raised holding holding uncertain conical object and left hand flexed at side holding staff diagonal across torso with cross at top; 2) middle to top of discus: rounded, raised field (mandorla?) behind and around body, above which is tetramorph (left to right: eagle’s head facing left, angelic head facing right, bull’s head facing left and two small rearing legs, and small lion striding left); 3) middle to lower discus: two cherubim crouching opposite at feet of Christ, wings raised and legs stretched out in front; 4) bottom of discus and into channel: two men(?) in short tunics standing frontal or turned slightly left, facing inward(?), right arm raised (saluting?) and left arm at side. Shoulder with rounded rim has broad groove with row of eight motifs in relief on each side (see Bussière and Rivel 2015). Left, top to bottom: 1) dotted cross with flaring arms in double circle? (Dm5); 2) 4 x 5 checkboard in square (modified Ad1); 3) fleuron with four petals (distorted Fa11) ; 4) 4 x 4/5 checkboard in square (distorted Ad1); 5) fleuron with four petals (distorted Fa9); 6) narrow fleuron with four petals? (Fc2); 7) fleuron with six petals (Fg7); 8) small volute(?) palmette (cf. La5-9). Right, to to bottom: 1) dotted quatrefoil in circle? (Dm5); 2) 3 x 3 pellets in square (modified Aa26); 3) reverse Constantinian monogram in circle (distorted Dj); 4) double circle in double square? (Aa20); 5) fleuron with six petals (Fg7); 6) 2) 3 x 3 pellets in square? (modified Aa26); 7) quatrefoil, encircled? (distorted Fa10); 8) small volute(?) palmette (cf. La5-9). Circular raised base with rim and ridge to handle. The overall schematic rendering of figural and ornamental details, and the wide variety of motifs with occasional stray ridges or impressions around them (copying? slipping poinçons? retouching?), suggests that this is a late generation copy from a unique original design (see comparanda).
Description
Scene of Ascension of Christ: Jesus frontal, right hand raised in benediction and left hand holding cross before body; winged angels facing at feet raising mandorla with symbols of four evangelists above; two disciplines below in channel, frontal, wearing layered tunics.
Length
0.111
Width
0.066
Material
Ceramic (Material)
Has visual motif (depicts)
Bull (Visual Motif)
Has visual motif (depicts)
Christian Cross (Visual Motif)
Has visual motif (depicts)
Eagle (Visual Motif)
Has visual motif (depicts)
Jesus Christ (Visual Motif)
Has visual motif (depicts)
Lion (Visual Motif)
Drawing
Drawing
Pagescan
Suggested citation
“KE 1515 (Late Roman North African Lamp).” In Kenchreai Archaeological Archive, edited by J.L. Rife and S. Heath. The American Excavations at Kenchreai, 2013-2021. <http://kenchreai.org/ke/ke1515>